Urban Design Strategy | Development Guide | NZ Urban Design Protocol | Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)
What is urban design?
Urban design refers to the function, arrangement and appearance of towns and cities - in other words, urban design considers how a place works, looks and feels. It's about how all the elements of the environment such as streets, footpaths, parks and buildings work together to create convenient, safe, comfortable places that support the way people want to live, work and play. It is also about the process of decision making as well as the outcomes of design.
Why do we have it?
Urban design can assist a growing city to be:
- a competitive place that thrives economically and facilitates creativity and innovation
- a liveable place that provides a choice in housing, work and lifestyle options
- a healthy environment that sustains people and nature
- an inclusive place that offers opportunities for all citizens
- a distinctive place that has a strong identity and sense of place
- a well-governed place that has a shared vision and sense of direction.
When is it used?
Urban design can be used for any scale and type of development, public or private, big or small. Tauranga City Council implements urban design principles through some rules in the City Plan for some specific areas, and with reference to the Urban Design Strategy and the Development Guide.
NZ Urban Design Protocol
Tauranga City Council has been a signatory of the NZ Urban Design Protocol since 2006. The Protocol contains specific urban design initiatives. Commitment is voluntary and includes organisations such as central and local government, the property sector, design professionals, professional institutes and other groups.
The Protocol aims to make our towns and cities more successful by using urban design principles to help them become better places in which to live, work and play.
Ministry for the Environment Urban Design Protocol
Tauranga City Council’s Urban Design Strategy ‘Great City, Great Design’
Tauranga City Council has an Urban Design Strategy that is a blueprint for the way our City functions, looks and feels. Good urban design creates an easy to use, attractive and safe built environment that supports the way we want to live, work and play, while managing our resources sustainably.
In addition to the Urban Design Strategy , Tauranga City Council’s Development Guide sets out urban design principles, tools, ideas and solutions relevant to the Tauranga environment. It considers:
- Urban design principles and process
- Site design
- Mixed Use design
- Medium Density Housing
The Development Guide is also available in hard copy from the Council.
Urban Design Strategy and Development Guide
Further guidance is in the Infrastructure Development Code (IDC): Design Standard DS1.4.1 Development by Urban Design
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)
CPTED is a multi-disciplinary approach to deterring anti social behaviour through environmental design of buildings and public spaces. CPTED strategies rely upon the ability to influence offender decisions that precede criminal acts by reducing the opportunity to commit crime and lessening the motivation to offend. The Ministry of Justice provides National Guidelines for Crime Prevention through Environmental Design in New Zealand.
National Guidelines for Crime Prevention through Environmental Design
Last Reviewed: 20/07/2016